Global financial agency International Monetary Fund (IMF) has raised its gross domestic product (GDP) growth forecast for India for FY 2023-24 to 6.1% from 5.9% projected earlier. The IMF says the country has seen a "momentum" from stronger-than-expected growth in Q4 FY23.
"Growth in India is projected at 6.1 percent in 2023, a 0.2 percentage point upward revision compared with the April projection, reflecting momentum from stronger-than-expected growth in the fourth quarter of 2022 as a result of stronger domestic investment," the IMF says in its World Economic Outlook (WEO) Update for July 2023.
The country's economic growth for FY 2024-25 has been projected at 6.3%, similar to its April 2023 forecast but down 50 basis points from its earlier forecast of 6.8%.
The Washington, D.C.-based global financial agency in April had slashed India's GDP growth forecast to 5.9% for the financial year 2023-24, down 20 basis points compared with 6.1% projected earlier.
The IMF economic forecast comes days after the Reserve Bank of India's monetary policy committee (MPC) retained its GDP forecast for the financial year 2023-24 to 6.5%, with Q1 at 8%, Q2 at 6.5%, Q3 at 6%, and Q4 at 5.7%.
Earlier in June, credit rating agency Fitch had also raised India's GDP forecast to 6.3% — one of the highest growth rates in the world — for the financial year 2023-24 compared with 6% projected earlier.
Globally, the economic growth is projected to fall from an estimated 3.5% in 2022 to 3.0% in both 2023 and 2024, says IMF.
While the forecast for 2023 is modestly higher than predicted in the April 2023 WEO, it remains weak by historical standards, the agency adds. "The rise in central bank policy rates to fight inflation continues to weigh on economic activity. Global headline inflation is expected to fall from 8.7 percent in 2022 to 6.8 percent in 2023 and 5.2 percent in 2024. Underlying (core) inflation is projected to decline more gradually, and forecasts for inflation in 2024 have been revised upward."
The IMF says growth in emerging and developing Asia is on track to rise to 5.3% in 2023, which could then moderate to 5% in 2024, reflecting a modest (0.1 percentage point) downward revision for 2024.
The forecast for China is kept unchanged at 5.2% for 2023 and 4.5% for 2024 but with a change in composition. The agency says China’s recovery could slow, in part as a result of unresolved real estate problems, with negative cross-border spillovers. "Consumption growth has evolved broadly in line with April 2023 WEO projections, but investment has underperformed due to the ongoing real estate downturn in that country."
In the United States, growth is projected to slow from 2.1% in 2022 to 1.8% in 2023, then slow further to 1% in 2024. For 2023, the forecast has been revised upward by 0.2 percentage point, on account of resilient consumption growth in the first quarter.